To manage references to Inter symbols which may or may not yet exist.

§1. Introduction. See What This Module Does for a fuller explanation, but briefly, an inter_name or "iname" represents a symbol which will eventually exist, but which may not exist at the moment — indeed, may be placed inside a package which also does not yet exist.

inform7 and other code-generation tools can make many such inames, living in equally shadowy //package_request//s, before any actual Inter is made at all. Eventually, though, such tools usually make good on their promises and "incarnate" their inames into actual inter_symbols within actual inter_packages.

§2. Generators. Each inter name comes from a "generator". Some are one-shot, and produce just one name before being discarded; others produce a numbered sequence of names in a given pattern, counting upwards from 1 (example_1, example_2, ...); and others still derive new names from existing ones (for example, turning fish and rumour into fishmonger and rumourmonger).

enum UNIQUE_INGEN from 1
typedef struct inter_name_generator {
    int ingen;
    struct text_stream *name_stem;
    int no_generated;  relevant only for MULTIPLE_INGEN
    struct text_stream *derived_prefix;  relevant only for DERIVED_INGEN
    struct text_stream *derived_suffix;  relevant only for DERIVED_INGEN
} inter_name_generator;

inter_name_generator *InterNames::single_use_generator(text_stream *name) {
    inter_name_generator *F = CREATE(inter_name_generator);
    F->ingen = UNIQUE_INGEN;
    F->name_stem = Str::duplicate(name);
    F->derived_prefix = NULL;
    return F;

inter_name_generator *InterNames::multiple_use_generator(text_stream *prefix,
    text_stream *stem, text_stream *suffix) {
    inter_name_generator *gen = InterNames::single_use_generator(stem);
    if (Str::len(prefix) > 0) {
        gen->ingen = DERIVED_INGEN;
        gen->derived_prefix = Str::duplicate(prefix);
    } else if (Str::len(suffix) > 0) {
        gen->ingen = DERIVED_INGEN;
        gen->derived_suffix = Str::duplicate(suffix);
    } else gen->ingen = MULTIPLE_INGEN;
    return gen;

§3. Printing inames. Inter names are stored not in textual form, but in terms of what would be required to generate that text. (The memo field, which in principle allows any text to be stored, is used only for a small proportion of inames.)

typedef struct inter_name {
    struct inter_name_generator *generated_by;
    int unique_number;
    struct inter_symbol *symbol;
    struct package_request *location_in_hierarchy;
    struct text_stream *memo;
    struct inter_name *derived_from;
} inter_name;

§4. This implements the %n escape, which prints an iname:

void InterNames::writer(OUTPUT_STREAM, char *format_string, void *vI) {
    inter_name *iname = (inter_name *) vI;
    if (iname == NULL) WRITE("<no-inter-name>");
    else {
        if (iname->generated_by == NULL) internal_error("bad inter_name");
        switch (iname->generated_by->ingen) {
            case DERIVED_INGEN: {
                InterNames::writer(original, format_string, iname->derived_from);
                    30  - Str::len(iname->generated_by->derived_prefix)
                        - Str::len(iname->generated_by->derived_suffix));
                WRITE("%S%S%S", iname->generated_by->derived_prefix,
                    original, iname->generated_by->derived_suffix);
            case UNIQUE_INGEN:
                WRITE("%S", iname->generated_by->name_stem);
            case MULTIPLE_INGEN:
                WRITE("%S", iname->generated_by->name_stem);
                if (iname->unique_number >= 0) WRITE("%d", iname->unique_number);
            default: internal_error("unknown ingen");
        if (Str::len(iname->memo) > 0) WRITE("_%S", iname->memo);

§5. Making new inames. We can now make a new iname, which is easy unless there's a memo to attach. For example, attaching the wording "printing the name of a dark room" to an iname which would otherwise just be V12 produces V12_printing_the_name_of_a_da. Memos exist largely to make the Inter code easier for human eyes to read, as in this case, but sometimes, as with kind names like K2_thing, they're needed because template or explicit I6 inclusion code makes references to them.

Although most inter names are eventually used to create symbols in the Inter hierarchy's symbols table, this does not happen immediately, and for some inames it never will.

inter_name *InterNames::new(inter_name_generator *F, package_request *R, wording W,
    int truncation) {
    inter_name *iname = CREATE(inter_name);
    iname->generated_by = F;
    iname->unique_number = 0;
    iname->symbol = NULL;
    iname->derived_from = NULL;
    iname->location_in_hierarchy = R;
    if (Wordings::empty(W)) {
        iname->memo = NULL;
    } else {
        iname->memo = Str::new();
        Fill the memo with up to T characters of text from the given wording5.1;
        Ensure that the name, as now extended by the memo, is a legal Inter identifier5.2;
    return iname;

§5.1. Fill the memo with up to T characters of text from the given wording5.1 =

    int c = 0;
         identifier is at this point 32 chars or fewer in length: add at most 30 more
        if (c++ > 0) WRITE_TO(iname->memo, " ");
        if (Wide::len(Lexer::word_text(j)) > 30)
            WRITE_TO(iname->memo, "etc");
        else WRITE_TO(iname->memo, "%N", j);
        if (Str::len(iname->memo) > 32) break;
    Str::truncate(iname->memo, truncation);

§5.2. Ensure that the name, as now extended by the memo, is a legal Inter identifier5.2 =

    WRITE_TO(NBUFF, "%n", iname);
    int L = Str::len(NBUFF);
    if (L > truncation)
        Str::truncate(iname->memo, Str::len(iname->memo) - (L - truncation));

§6. That creation function should be called only by these, which in turn must be called only from within the current chapter. First, the single-shot cases, where the caller wants a single name with fixed wording (but possibly with a memo to attach):

inter_name *InterNames::explicitly_named_with_memo(text_stream *name, package_request *R,
    wording W, int truncation) {
    return InterNames::new(InterNames::single_use_generator(name), R, W, truncation);

inter_name *InterNames::explicitly_named(text_stream *name, package_request *R) {
    return InterNames::explicitly_named_with_memo(name, R, EMPTY_WORDING,

inter_name *InterNames::explicitly_named_plug(inter_tree *I, text_stream *name) {
    inter_name *iname = InterNames::explicitly_named(name, LargeScale::connectors_request(I));
    iname->symbol = Wiring::plug(I, name);
    return iname;

§7. Second, the generated or derived cases:

inter_name *InterNames::multiple(inter_name_generator *G, package_request *R, wording W) {
    if (G == NULL) internal_error("no generator");
    if (G->ingen == UNIQUE_INGEN) internal_error("not a generator name");
    inter_name *iname = InterNames::new(G, R, W, DEFAULT_INAME_TRUNCATION);
    if (G->ingen != DERIVED_INGEN) iname->unique_number = ++G->no_generated;
    return iname;

inter_name *InterNames::generated_in(inter_name_generator *G, int fix, wording W,
    package_request *R) {
    inter_name *iname = InterNames::multiple(G, R, W);
    if (fix != -1) iname->unique_number = fix;
    return iname;

inter_name *InterNames::generated(inter_name_generator *G, int fix, wording W) {
    return InterNames::generated_in(G, fix, W, NULL);

inter_name *InterNames::derived(inter_name_generator *G, inter_name *from, wording W) {
    if (G->ingen != DERIVED_INGEN) internal_error("not a derived generator");
    inter_name *iname = InterNames::multiple(G, from->location_in_hierarchy, W);
    iname->derived_from = from;
    return iname;

§8. Now that inames have been created, we allow their locations to be read:

package_request *InterNames::location(inter_name *iname) {
    if (iname == NULL) return NULL;
    return iname->location_in_hierarchy;

inter_symbols_table *InterNames::scope(inter_name *iname) {
    if (iname == NULL) internal_error("can't determine scope of null name");
    package_request *P = InterNames::location(iname);
    if (P == NULL) internal_error("can't determine scope of unlocated name");
    return InterPackage::scope(Packaging::incarnate(P));

§9. Incarnation of inames to symbols. Incarnation matches up an inter_name with its corresponding inter_symbol, and is performed on demand. This leaves it as late as possible, and means that inames which are never needed are never incarnated.

inter_symbol *InterNames::to_symbol(inter_name *iname) {
    if (iname->symbol == NULL) {
        WRITE_TO(identifier, "%n", iname);
        inter_symbols_table *T = InterNames::scope(iname);
        iname->symbol = InterSymbolsTable::create_with_unique_name(T, identifier);
    return iname->symbol;

text_stream *InterNames::to_text(inter_name *iname) {
    if (iname == NULL) return NULL;
    return InterSymbol::identifier(InterNames::to_symbol(iname));

§10. Definition. An iname is defined if its symbol has a definition. Note that incarnating an iname creates a symbol which is initially undefined, so this test is not the same as testing whether the iname has been incarnated.

int InterNames::is_defined(inter_name *iname) {
    if (iname == NULL) return FALSE;
    inter_symbol *S = InterNames::to_symbol(iname);
    if (InterSymbol::is_defined(S)) return TRUE;
    return FALSE;

§11. Annotation. Note that these functions all force an iname to be incarnated.

void InterNames::annotate_i(inter_name *iname, inter_ti annot_ID, inter_ti V) {
    SymbolAnnotation::set_i(InterNames::to_symbol(iname), annot_ID, V);

void InterNames::annotate_b(inter_name *iname, inter_ti annot_ID, inter_ti V) {
    SymbolAnnotation::set_b(InterNames::to_symbol(iname), annot_ID, V);

void InterNames::annotate_w(inter_name *iname, inter_ti annot_ID, wording W) {
    inter_symbol *S = InterNames::to_symbol(iname);
    WRITE_TO(temp, "%W", W);
        InterSymbol::package(S), S, annot_ID, temp);

int InterNames::read_annotation(inter_name *iname, inter_ti annot) {
    inter_symbol *S = InterNames::to_symbol(iname);
    return SymbolAnnotation::get_i(S, annot);

int InterNames::read_annotation_b(inter_name *iname, inter_ti annot) {
    inter_symbol *S = InterNames::to_symbol(iname);
    return SymbolAnnotation::get_b(S, annot);

void InterNames::set_flag(inter_name *iname, int f) {
    InterSymbol::set_flag(InterNames::to_symbol(iname), f);

void InterNames::clear_flag(inter_name *iname, int f) {
    InterSymbol::clear_flag(InterNames::to_symbol(iname), f);

void InterNames::set_translation(inter_name *iname, text_stream *new_text) {
    InterSymbol::set_translate(InterNames::to_symbol(iname), new_text);

text_stream *InterNames::get_translation(inter_name *iname) {
    return InterSymbol::get_translate(InterNames::to_symbol(iname));